The 103rd anniversary of Afghanistan’s independence day is Friday, August 19, or 28 Asad.
According to political experts, Afghanistan has not had political stability in the past century and the majority of its regimes have been established through coups and wars.
They claim that Afghanistan’s present situation is due to the use of force to impose authoritarian governments.
“In the past 103 years, even though we have celebrated our independence, there have been periods in Afghan history when Afghan leaders and decision-makers did not have full independence, but the future may be good,” said Tariq Farhadi, a political analyst.
“Afghanistan is a country that has experienced changes most of the time, and these changes have mainly harmed the people,” said Janat Fahim, another political analyst.
King Amanullah Khan, who led Afghanistan to independence from the United Kingdom in 1919, was the third son of his father, Amir Habibullah Khan, who was also the Emir of Afghanistan.
He was born on June 1, 1892, in Paghman district of Kabul. He was the sovereign head of the Kingdom of Afghanistan from 1919 to 1929.
He was the first Afghan ruler who gave liberty to women, allowed them to attend school and attempted to modernize Afghanistan before a popular uprising led him to flee to British-controlled India in 1929.
In previous years, this day has been celebrated by governments and the public, but this year’s celebration was muted.
Jamshid Behzadpoor, a resident of Kabul, said: “In past years, people gathered to the streets with fervor and had our national tricolor flag in their hands and were celebrating Independence Day, but this year, as we see, it was not celebrated.”
“Foreigners have interfered in Afghanistan’s internal affairs to a significant extent throughout its modern history, and on the other hand, Afghanistan unfortunately lacks a political leader who works for the stability of the country,” said Shasawar Sangarwal, a historian.
On August 15, 2021, Afghanistan’s current government came into power; however, no country has yet to recognize it.