BY all accounts, including some shame-faced ones from the captive media, Indians in excess of half a million took over Muzaffarnagar in western Uttar Pradesh on September 5 to proclaim a sentient de-mocratic resolve to fight against the anti-people policies of the Modi government.
That the historic mahapanchayat was not just a farmer-related one any more was apparent from the diversity of attendance it drew and from the content of the speeches made at the happening.
This was no exclusive Punjab, Haryana or west-ern Uttar Pradesh event, but a representative con-glomeration of all segments of the peasantry from across the republic.
Farmers from Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Odisha, West Bengal, Bi-har, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand et al were all there, a fact that repudiated the official polemic that the movement was just confined to two northern states.
That this spot – from where the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) had launched its bid for power on the back of orchestrated communal mayhem in 2013 – could well become the nemesis of the ruling dispen-sation in the days to come was apparent from sev-eral conjoint facts and articulations at the unprece-dented turnout that saw droves of participants occu-pying flyovers beyond the venue for lack of space.
For one, this was no longer just a farmers’ con-clave. In it were shopkeepers, sundry numbers from the MSME sector, unemployed urban youth, women across a wide spectrum of occupations, civil rights activists, public intellectuals, trade unionists and other social groups impacted in terminal ways by the brazenly pro-market, pro-rich and pro-majoritarian policies of the Modi government.
Ominously for the right-wing, those that had been participants in the sectarian rampage of 2013 were heard raising invocations like “Allah hu Ak-bar” as in speech after speech, they acknowledged having been duped eight years ago to mount a po-grom against their co-working Muslim sisters and brothers.
Concomitantly, sentient critiques of the Modi government’s economic lurch towards crony corpo-rate came to be voiced with a clarity and compre-hensiveness suggestive of the intellectual acumen of India’s food producers.
That this was not a remake of the erstwhile JP andolan (which, coincidentally, had also begun from Muzaffarnagar) was apparent both from its secular resolve and its pushback against right-wing policies of privatisation of national wealth to the detriment of the labouring “we the people”.
Just for the record, scions of the Sangh parivar had been participants in that JP andolan of the mid-1970s.
Notably, the articulation of protest against au-thoritarian rule, likewise, had a distinct leftward orientation rather than a conservative-democratic one.
Those that had once been dubbed “a sack of potatoes” could be seen to be proffering a class consciousness that one was taught to think could belong only to the proletariat.
This once, it was the farmer who was clearly the vanguard, carrying the working class in tow.
Clearly, the sum of the economic critique that was available at the mahapanchayat suggested that even if the government were now to repeal the im-pugned farm laws, it might only suffer the double jeopardy of eating crow and still being unable to draw down the movement that seems to have ac-quired a broader ideological dimension.
From what one can see, this dimension takes in a critique of both Hindutva and its alliance with corporate wealth.
That the secular, impressively literate and de-mocratically organised and expressed movement bears a watershed potential to turn back the reac-tionary and authoritarian lurch of the state may not be an interested chimera any more.
As for political strategy, in not espousing any one opposition party but setting the goal only of defeating the BJP, the leadership of the movement has astutely left organised opposition parties the leeway to work out as best they can strategies to firm up the operative details of how the macro-objective of the movement may best be aided and achieved.
That the shape and consequence of the electoral battle in Uttar Pradesh will be a pointer in that re-gard should be obvious. —KMS