Roundtable on ‘Pakistan Tribal Areas: 4 Years After Merger’


Good governance, empowering locals key to resolving issues of tribal areas

Zubair Qureshi

The tribal areas and their unresolved issues following merger with the KP province cannot be seen in isolation from the rest of the country.

Every region has similar problems and the solution lies in better governance that entails an operative strategy and development focused on inclusivity and what is doable and achievable.

This was the conclusion of a roundtable session, titled ‘Pakistan Tribal Areas: 4 Years After Merger’, held at the Institute of Policy Studies (IPS), Islamabad.

There is a vital need of reforms to make the administrative units smaller with the local bodies genuinely empowered and consistently in operation to redress grievances and usher in governance and development inclusivity.

The event, chaired by Khalid Rahman, chairman IPS, was joined by Brigadier (r) Said Nazir, IPS associate; Ambassador (r) Ayaz Wazir; Farhatullah Babar, PPP leader and former senator; Akhunzada Chattan, PPP leader; Zahid Ullah Shinwari, former president Sarhad Chamber of Commerce and Industry; Dr. Fakhr-ul-Islam, director, Pakistan Study Centre, University of Peshawar; Dr. Farhat Taj, associate professor, University of Tromsø, Norway; Dr. Lutfur Rehman, an expert on FATA affairs; Adnan Shinwari, former president FATA Youth Jirga; and Dr. Saif-ur-Rehman Malik, IPS senior research fellow, as discussants.

The keynote speaker was Dr. Ashraf Ali, former director FATA Research Center, while Ambassador (r) Syed Abrar Hussain, vice-chairman IPS, gave the opening remarks. The roundtable, aimed at reviewing the progress and discussing the emerging factors and divergent aspects of the debate, revolved around two prominent views on the future of the tribal areas.

As observed, the ground situation of the tribal areas, marked by a slow developmental pace that is unable to realize people’s expectations, has been a letdown even for those who were strongly advocating the merger.

While discussing the developments following the merger, the speakers observed that though reforms have been implemented on several fronts, including the judiciary, political institution building, socio-economic progress, security, relocation of IDPs, reconstruction of damaged infrastructure, and land settlement, the slow pace has made the efficacy of the reforms and merger debatable. The mainstream integration of the tribal areas needs an expeditious implementation mechanism for establishing a firm socio-political structure and adjusting the priorities.

Fundamental to the developments of the merger is the abolition of Frontier Crimes Regulations and the extension of the judiciary into the tribal areas, which has also been a longstanding demand of the community. This has provided a forum and platform to the people for redress of their issues.

The establishment of political institutions, the formulation of local governance structure, the political participation of youth and women, and the tribal representation in the KP Provincial Assembly are some of the developments on the political front. However, much more is needed to empower the local governance structure in order to increase the effectiveness of people’s participation in the decision-making process. The structure could vary but every specific arrangement requires a dedicated and honest team to take things forward.

On the security front, there have been developments to regularize and train the police force. Despite the existence of gaps in capacity building, transfer, and training, the situation is better than in the pre-merger period.

However, it was observed that the important issue of the relocation of IDPs is not being fully resolved as it should have been. Many rehabilitated IDPs have returned because of the unavailability of facilities in the tribal districts. Another problem is the lack of governmental data on internally displaced persons.

The same documentation issue also concerns land disputes. However, there has been some pilot exercise toward data digitalization with a view to resolving land ownership cases.

As pointed out in the discussion, the tribal areas, marred by several issues and going through a complicated transition period, need a major transformative change, which is in itself a gradual process. However, that gradual process must be made effective and efficient to trickle down the benefits of progress to the tribal people, at the grassroots level, to overcome the sense of deprivation and disappointment.

For a reformed and developed tribal region, the goal of advocates of both points of view, a balance is required between resources, capacities, challenges, and expectations of the people. Moreover, using the lens of objectivity, the tribal areas should be considered a mutual responsibility with a balanced approach to move forward.


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