Fourth industrial revolution and challenges facing education

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According to Klaus Schwab, founder of the World Economic Forum, “The first industrial revolution gave birth to Britain’s economic and political power. The Second Industrial Revolution gave birth to America’s global supremacy. Later, this supremacy was reinforced by the third computer-generated industrial revolution.” Now that the fourth industrial revolution is advancing rapidly towards us, it is being speculated that everything will change after that. ۔ The answer is that our way of life will not remain the same. We will become something else; we will think in a different way, we will live in a different way.
We are in the early stages of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The era that is uniting digital, physical and biological systems in a way that has never been seen before. Virtual reality, augmented reality, artificial intelligence and robotics technology are rapidly changing the way we live and work. Not knowing automation will allow us to do something on our own or everything will happen automatically. It’s as if I’m wondering what the world will be like.۔ After that, the economy will be molded in such a way that all ways of employment and livelihood will change at once. In this process of change, the world has gone beyond three periods of the Industrial Revolution, because the first It was a time of mechanical change, in which things and their products were mechanized. The second period was the production and abundance of mass production, while the third revolution was automation, after which we have now entered the fourth stage of industrial development.
The “Gig Economy” has given birth to new forms of relationship between employer and employee. Gig Economy is the name given to an economy in which employment opportunities are provided according to the nature and duration of work based on a project etc. That is, a form of economy in which employment opportunities are temporary rather than traditional and permanent, which can now be accessed on the Internet, etc. It is as if now, instead of a fixed place, one can earn a living by working in complete isolation. This is a very modern form of relationship between the worker and the client, in which the meeting between the parties is not even necessary. That is, a single performance by a composer or his group.
The modern-day laborer, since he or she can earn his/her living through single performances, has been given the name of “Gig Economy”. In this sense, it is to be hoped that in the future the Gig economy will be further molded. With this new concept of employment, of course, the concept of education will also change drastically, so what we will learn after that, it will be necessary to keep pace with new technologies.۔ Of course, we have now entered the age of acquiring or learning such sciences, where different disciplines will cross-disciplinary each other and will focus on personal and human skills. Therefore, it is now imperative that the government and the private sector work together to achieve the “Future-fit-Education” that will be installed in the frame of the future. The present age is being called an age in which social and economic significance is undergoing a constant process of change.
Now that all of this is happening very fast, and at the same time this process of change is underway, it remains to be seen what possible changes we can make in the system and curriculum that Keep us in tune with modern requirements without cutting us off from our origins and keep us on the path of progress. Many issues in this regard are so delicate that carelessness and carelessness can lead to dangerous consequences at the national level. In this regard, instead of blindly imitating, it will be necessary to work from the heart and look at all the aspects of good, bad, good and bad, profit and loss.
After the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the world will have to face a big human and even moral question whether to give the job to the machine or to the human being. Capitalist society, in every case, has its own interests in mind, even if it has to adopt some kind of brutal and ruthless economic policies, but a system based on high moral values must answer this question anyway. ۔ It is as if after the Fourth Industrial Revolution we have to create new educational and economic frameworks as well as answer some new questions in the scientific, ideological and moral spheres. Hakim-ul-Ummah Allama Muhammad Iqbal had said this for such an astonishing and changing situation.

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