World needs to take serious steps for the wildlife conservation
WILDLIFE conservation refers to the practice of protecting flora and fauna as well as it also refers to the way of defending wild species and their habitats in order to keep healthy wildlife species or populations and to restore, protect or enhance natural ecosystems.
The objective of wildlife protection is to safeguard the sustenance of wild species including generating spreading the awareness among the people regarding peacefully living with other species.
The increasing population has massive effects on biodiversity, resultantly it has generated severe problems and difficulties such as destruction and loss of habitat, illegal use of wildlife, over exploitation of resources and lack of conservation awareness has also adverse effects on ecosystem.
The natural world which is created by God is source of beauty and happiness, but the flora and fauna routinely encounter severe challenges.
The world where many people are denied of their basic rights all over the different regions but the nations which are considering themselves as the champions of the human rights, animal rights, births rights or the rights of every living being on the earth should take serious steps to save every living being in any part of the world.
It is not only the responsibility of people and states but also the national and international organizations such as the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), Conservation International, the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and the United Nations (UN) to support and help global animal and habitat conservation efforts on diverse fronts.
These organizations must collaborate with governments throughout different regions of the world to guard public lands such as national parks as well as wildlife shelters.
They should support in enacting legislation, like the Endangered Species Act (ESA) of 1973 in the United States to defend numerous species.
Similarly, they should make efforts for working with law enforcement agencies to give severe punishment to the people involved in wildlife crimes, such as wildlife trafficking and illegal hunting (poaching).
Particularly it is the duty of government that animals and plants that may be displaced for land development or used for food or other human purposes in Pakistan should properly be taken under its surveillance.
Other threats to wildlife in Pakistan include the introduction of invasive species from other parts of the world, climate change, pollution, hunting, fishing, and poaching, will significantly reduce their wildlife carrying capacity.
Additionally, the steps taken by government of Pakistan for development, modernisation and progress also endanger ecology, biodiversity, water and air quality, wildlife and agriculture all over the country. In this regard, the government of Pakistan also needs to take serious steps against the violators who are bringing harms or destroying the unique and beautiful wildlife species within the country.
Moreover, civil societies particularly the organizations, groups and NGOS which are working for the protection of wildlife in Pakistan must spread the awareness about the importance of such unique and beautiful creatures.
For example, a group of students from department of Biological Sciences at Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad took a very good step to spread awareness regarding the protection of wildlife within the country on November29, 2021. Such kinds of steps should be taken all over the country in various institutes.
—The writer has done MPhil in Zoology from Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad.