Who is the ultimate loser ?
ACCORDING to independent observers, the United States completely ignored its international responsibilities in Afghanistan and hastily withdrew its troops from Afghanistan.
The Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman in Beijing is probably right that the United States has wreaked havoc on the Afghan people and other countries in the region.
However; so the real culprit for this whole situation is the US Administration because it is responsible for the whole Afghan problem.
On the other hand, the position of the DG ISPR, is also based on the fact that India is deeply disappointed with the sinking of anti-Pakistan investment in Afghanistan and its confusion is natural.
Independent diplomatic observers have reviewed the situation and said that in fact the Indian rulers are trapped in their own network in Afghanistan.
It is noteworthy that in order to investigate the alleged corruption in the ‘Raphael warplane’ deal between India and France, a French judge has been appointed to investigate allegations of corruption, the Financial Crimes Branch of the French Public Prosecution Service said on 02 July 20201.
It is interesting that an agreement was reached between India and France in 2016 for the purchase of 36 aircraft.
In this regard, the Congress, India’s largest opposition party, had levelled allegations of corruption in the Rs 59,000 crore deals.
According to Congress, an aircraft was bought for Rs 526 crore as per the agreement reached by the former United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government, while the Modi government bought one aircraft for Rs 1670 crore. Everyone knows that Afghanistan is an important country in South and Central Asia.
It is surrounded by land on all sides. Afghanistan’s border is east and south with Pakistan, Iran in the west, Turkmenistan in the north, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and China in the northeast.
Spread over 652,000 square kilometres, it is a mountainous country with an open area in the north and southwest. Kabul is the capital and the largest city of Afghanistan.
Apart from this, Kandahar, Mazar-e-Sharif, Jalalabad, etc are big cities. In the first Anglo-Afghan war, the British East India Company took control of Afghanistan for a short period, but after the third Anglo-Afghan war in 1919, Afghanistan became a kingdom under the reign of Amanullah Khan.
Zahir Shah continued to rule as king until 1973, after which Sardar Daud removed Zahir and took over the government.
Sardar Dadu’s government came to an end in 1978, and then Noor Mohammad Taraki came to power in April 1978.
Shortly afterwards, with the help of the former Soviet Union, Nur Muhammad Taraki’s government was overthrown in September 1979, and Hafizullah Amin succeeded in taking over the government.
Soon after, Babrak Carmel (December 1979-November 1986) and Muhammad Najibullah (September 1987-April 1992) came to power one after the other. As a result of the Geneva Accords in 1989, Soviet troops withdrew from Afghanistan.
It should be noted that Pakistan and the United States had very close relations from 1978 to 1989, and both countries played a substantial role in the withdrawal of Russian troops from Afghanistan.
Pakistan, in particular, played a leading role in this regard, but soon after, the United States seemed to completely ignore Pakistan, with the result that Afghanistan became mainly in disarray.
Although Pakistan did its best to meet the challenges ahead, Sibghatullah Mujaddidi, Abdul Rasul Sayyaf, Burhanuddin Rabbani, and Hekmatyar became the rulers of Afghanistan one after the other, But Afghanistan fell victim to anarchy.
The Taliban took over most of Afghanistan in 1996. Mullah Mohammad Omar was recognized as their leader, who ruled Afghanistan for five years, from September 1996 to November 2001.
During this time, writ of the government in Afghanistan was fully restored, but the tragedy of 9/11 seemed to change the whole picture.
After that, the intervention of the United States and its allies forcibly removed the Taliban from power.
Ten years later (from December 2001 to September 2014, Hamid Karzai ruled, and now Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah have been in power for seven years.
But Afghanistan is still waiting for real independence but suddenly, the US decided to leave Afghanistan and now the Taliban have taken control of more than 70 per cent of the country which is an alarming situation for the whole region.
It is noteworthy that the establishment of complete law and order in Afghanistan seems to be a long way off, partly because the relationship between the Indian intelligence agencies and the Afghan security agency NDS was so strong in the past.
On the contrary, it would not be out of place to say that NDS and RAW are still engaged in various conspiracies against Pakistan. In all these circumstances, one can say that Modi is falling into his own trap and India’s tainted face is being unveiled all over the world.
—The writer, a freelance columnist, was Research Fellow in Islamabad Policy Research Institute and Researcher in Centre for South Asian Studies, Punjab University Lahore.