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Voice of people

Articles and letters may be edited for purposes of clarity, space and should carry the writer’s address, CNIC and phone numbers. Postal address: Daily Pakistan Observer, Ali Akbar House Markaz G-8, Islamabad, Pakistan. Email: editorial@pakobserver.net

Mind your language

As an elderly Pakistani and admirer of PPP Founding Chairman and former President/Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, I had tuned in TV browsing different channels to see and hear as to what his son-in-law Asif Ali Zardari and grandson Bilawal had to say about him while addressing a public gathering at Garhi Khuda Bux on his 40th death anniversary on April 4, 2019.
But I was greatly disappointed to say the least on hearing the outbursts of both Asif Ali Zardari and his son Bilawal. Instead of paying tributes to Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and recounting his various achievements, they mostly lambasted the present government and Prime Minister Imran Khan, hurling threats and using language almost bordering on being filthy. As a former ruling party which had lost general election in 2013 to PML(N) and in 2018 again to PTI, PPP leadership have the right to criticize the government and the prime minister highlighting the faults and shortcomings in the ruling party’s policies, planning and programmes in a healthy and constructive manner. The language which the duo {father and son} used at the public gathering left much to be desired and many mouths soar.
While both of them indulged in hurling threats and abuses on the ruling party and its leadership, they forgot the fact that even if they have the peoples’ support, as claimed by them, they will have to wait for 2023 when the next general election will become due. Any other recourse adopted by them will quite obviously invite the attention of the laws of the land.
Bilawal, who has been pushed into politics by his over-ambitious father, should remember how to address his political opponents who are much senior to him in age (most of them are of his father’s age and even older than him). He must better use good language be it in English or Urdu while addressing public gatherings and press conferences. He may be Chairman of the PPP but he is much junior in age to many political leaders of the country and should be using respectful language while addressing them including duly elected prime minister of the country. Addressing them with respect will pay dividends to Bilawal himself as such things matter great in our eastern culture.

Inflation affects everything

Inflation affects different sectors of the economy. Effects on the distribution of income and wealth, effects on production, effects on the Government, effects on the balance of payment, effects on monetary policy, effects on social sector, effects on political environment and different classes of the people debtors & creditors, salaried class, wages earners, fixed income group, investors and shareholders, businessmen, agriculturists.
A reasonable rate of inflation – around 3 to 6 per cent – is often viewed to have positive effects on the national economy as it encourages investment and production and allows growth in wages. When inflation crosses reasonable limits, it has negative effects. It reduces the value of money, resulting in uncertainty of the value of gains and losses of borrowers, lenders and buyers and sellers. The increasing uncertainty discourages saving and investment. Not only can high inflation erode the gains from growth, it also makes the poor worse off and widens the gap between the rich and the poor. If much of the inflation comes from increase in food prices, it hurts poor more since over half of family budget of the low wage earners goes for food. Second, it redistributes income from fixed income earners (for instance pensioners) to owners of assets and earners of large and variable income, such as profits
For Pakistan’s economy, inflation can be bad if it crosses the threshold of six per cent, and can be extremely harmful if it crosses the double-digit level. Several supply and demand factors could be responsible for this surge in inflation. Supply-side shocks can cause large fluctuations in food and oil prices, effects of which on overall inflation, at times, can be so excessive that these cannot be countered through demand management.
Syeda Alamzehra
Why be afraid of NAB?

National Accountability Bureau (NAB) was established in November 1999 constitutionally as an independent and autonomous body, it operates strictly within the ambit of the National Accountability Ordinance with the mandate to deal with corruption prevention, raise public awareness and enforce anti-corruption measures performing two main functions of investigating and prosecuting cases without regard to any political and social affiliation or status.
As an autonomous body it works independently on its own and in no manner is influenced by any federal and provincial governments as such and is presently headed by a retired {respectable} judge of the country’s apex court. In furtherance of its mandate to create corruption free Pakistan, for the last few months or so is coming up with cases against leaders of former ruling parties as well as federal and provincial governments throughout the country. Most of the cases which NAB is processing and proceeding ahead are years old and none has been moved by the present government.
Opposition parties and their leaders including those being nabbed and facing bad music are crying hoarse against the NAB saying that the present government is doing all this out of political vengeance. It is a matter of record that Prime Minister Imran Khan has repeatedly said that the PTI government has nothing to do with cases against PPP and PML(N) leaders as the NAB is an autonomous body and not under the federal government as such. Having said this, this scribe would like to ask the leaders of the former ruling parties that instead of crying hoarse against NAB and blaming the federal government for its alleged political victimization, they should face the bad music with boldness and courage.
If the hands of PPP and PML(N) leaders are all that neat and clean and they apparently have not committed any corruption as such, then they need not be afraid of the NAB in manner. The superior courts are there to hear their grievances and providing them relief in genuine cases if only they properly approach them seeking justice without blaming the federal government or the prime minister as such.

India-Pakistan war

India and Pakistan have been sharing the largest unfriendly border in the world since the time of their existence. The turmoil between the two countries for more than 70 years could not be in any way put to an end despite many peace efforts from both sides. The wars fought between the two have usually initiated from the epicentre and the focal point, which is Kashmir. Recent urgency on the LOC and in the airspaces of both the countries also happened due to Kashmir issue that remains unresolved.
In the recent encounter of the two countries Pakistan has come up as a peace building and peace-seeking nation, by its actions. Pakistan being in defensive mode all throughout the critical time, the nuclear state remained prepared and responded well by making statement to the world that Pakistan seeks peace and no war in the most populated and fertile region of the world. India on the other hand has been disgraced by neutral audience on social media along with many international forums, by proven false claims. People of Pakistan stood by their defence forces and gave their full support until the matter was put to rest again.
These violent episodes faced by the two almost every 10 years, only affects the economies and status of both the countries and put their focus mainly upon building their arsenals stronger and more mightier resulting into neglecting the more important sectors like education, welfare, health, both countries continue to suffer and provide to their citizens. The world powers and most peaceful regions have learned from their past that wars do not resolve disputes, they cannot help prosper, in fact they leave behind damage which requires a great deal of time to recover from.