Under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) and Pakistan Science Foundation (PSF) have approved preliminary plans for 130 joint research projects in the context of climate change.
NSFC and PSF signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on October 30, 1992, for joint research between academic institutions in both countries. The MoU was re-activated in 2015.
The exchange of scientists, scientific information and materials between research and academic institutions of both countries is one of the prime objectives of this international link.According to the official list released by NSFC, 149 proposals were submitted to the two foundations in 2020 in four categories.
These include fossil energy conversion and materials, utilization of renewable energy and resources, the scientific ground of new energy utilization and technologies, and safety evaluation and adaptive mechanism research on water-energy-food nexus.