As part of an ongoing enquiry to investigate the prima facie violations of Sections 3 ‘Abuse of Dominance’ and Section 4 ‘Prohibited Agreement’ (Cartelization) of the Competition Act, 2010 in the glass industry, the Competition Commission of Pakistan’s teams entered and searched the premises of two undertakings on suspicion of their involvement in anti-competitive practices.
The enquiry has been started upon receiving various concerns that the undertakings were collectively deciding the pricing of float glass and utilization of their production capacities. Float glass is mainly used in the construction sector for manufacturing windows and can also be used for tables and shelves.
CCP’s analysis of data from 2019 to 2021 showed that, for float glass of varying thicknesses, prices of both companies were similar, and the date of price increases and quantum of increase was also the same. CCP also came to know from market sources that the two companies are suspiciously coordinating their prices and production quantities.
During the investigation, market surveys were conducted wherein they informed that both undertakings were in collusion for fixing and maintaining uniform prices and increasing prices in a coordinated manner at the same time.
Any sort of coordination or agreement between competing undertakings to fix prices and supply in the market is classified as prohibited under Section 4 of the Competition Act, 2010.
Since cartels are secretive in nature, Section 34 of the law empowers CCP to enter and search the premises to uncover evidence of collusive activities.