Phobia is a type of anxiety disorder causing extreme irrational fear

53

 

Phobia is a type of anxiety disorder that case an individual to experience extreme, irrational fear about a situation, living creature, place or object. Phobias are diagnosable mental disorder .

The person will experience intense distress when faced with the source of their phobia. This can prevent them from functioning normally and sometimes leads to panic attacks. A phobia effects of persons social as well professional relations.

The individual experience intense restlessness and agitation. Psychoanalysts attach great importance to the content or stimulus of a phobia.

They believe that the things causing phobia are symbolically related to the individual’s unconscious: the stimulus that triggers a phobia indeed stands for some other incident or stimulus.

A phobia is an overwhelming and debilitating fear of an object, place, situation, feeling or animal . Phobias are more pronounced than fears.

They develop when a person has an exaggerated or unrealistic sense of danger about a situation or object. Phobias typically result in a rapid onset of fear and are present for more than six months these phobias also vary based on culture, experience, gender and age Phobic disorders into three broad categories: specific Phobias, social Phobias , and agoraphobia.

A specific Phobias is a fear of a specific object, animal, or situation. Irrational fears of snakes, heights, enclosed places, and darkness are examples. Some people may develop a specific Phobia but be normal in other respects .

In more serious cases ,the individual has a number of phobias that interfere with many aspects of life and may be intertwined with obsessive or compulsive behavior.

Individuals with specific phobia or are up to 60% more likely to make a suicide attempt then are individuals without the diagnosis, however, it is likely that these elevated rates are primarily due to comorbidity with personality disorders and other anxiety disorders.

Specific phobia show similar patterns of impairment in psychosocial functioning and decreased quality e of life as individuals with other in anxiety disorders and alcohol and substance use disorders, including impairments in occupational and interpersonal functioning.

In older adults , impairment may be seen in caregiving duties and volunteer activities. Also , fear of falling in older adults can lead to reduced mobility and reduced physical and social functioning, and may lead to receiving formal aur informal home support.

Previous articleOpp fueling political agenda on Murree tragedy: SACM
Next articlePU awards PhD degrees to 5 scholars