Discussion on fiction, ghazal, literary criticism in Urdu Conference



In the session on Urdu criticism in the 21st century on the fourth day of the Aalmi Urdu Conference, Dr. Tahseen Faraqi said that criticism is a mysterious process, the mystery of which is difficult to understand, but a good creator can also be a good critic.Creation is a slow process of making a star a sun.

main thing for criticism is to reach the text, for which it is necessary to have a broad understanding of the creative background. The matter of criticism is not so simple but a very deep and profound matter in which all

It is important to consider the relevant issues, unfortunately we have a lot of discussion of post-colonialism in criticism while the existence of the colonial system is still intact, we should go a little further and cover the contemporary situation. Dr. Ruf Parekh said that the truth is the same, there can be no alternative truth, there has always been a war between the West and the East, in the twenty-first century we are talking about the basics of criticism, while in India solid work has been done on it.

The session was moderated by Iqbal Khursheed in which Nasir Abbas Nayyer said that in the 21st century, more and more theoretical criticism has been done targeting plagiarism from the literature that has been writer in the West.Hatred of the West increased after 9/11 and Islamophobia, however pure intellectuals express honest opinions about everything, in the twentieth century Modernism and traditionalism was made the subject of criticism, after 1970 this trend started to change, in the 21st century, criticism discusses the philosophy of literature, that is, seeing literature as philosophy, Shams-ur-Rahman Farooqi in his book of stories laid.

The foundation for it, which is completely different from the criticism of the twentieth century, on the subject of criticism on Urdu fiction, Qasim Yaqoob said that the way of looking at literature has changed during the last decades, a specific style has been adopted in the Urdu fictional criticism of the twenty-first century.

When the critic looks at the story, instead of going inside it, they remains outside it and does not reach its origin. There has been very little discussion on new novels in Pakistan, while there has been a lot of work on it outside, interestingly, novelists themselves came into the field and started the interpretation of fiction themselves, the critical need of fiction criticism today is to cover what happened after 2000 and what was written on it, Najma Usman said regarding the feminist criticism in the 21st century that in order to evaluate the Urdu criticism in the current century.

We need to go to what happened during the last century. Critical theories have to be put forward, a lot of work has been done on feminist criticism in Pakistan and India, while not so much work has been done on it in Europe and America, Fehmida Riaz and Dr. Fatima Hassan have presented many dimensions of feminist perspective in their book and other writers also worked on it a lot.

Regarding the criticism of Urdu Ghazal in the twenty-first century, Zia-ul-Hassan said that it is suspected that there is no criticism of Ghazal, although the history of criticism of Ghazal is equal to the history of Urdu criticism.