The Quran and science

The Spirit Of Islam

Khalid Baig

Currently we do not have any integrated curriculum or textbooks for teaching science from an Islamic perspective. The use of secular texts for this purpose is far from harmless. They provide an image of the world that came into being and is working all by itself without the Creator or Sustainer. They celebrate the achievements of man instead of reflecting on the Creations of Allah and noting the extremely limited knowledge of man. They also promote conjectures or wild guesses or articles of faith (like evolution) as fact. With their facts and opinions so thoroughly mixed that it is impossible to separate them, the students are apt to be influenced by the secular beliefs without even realising it.
Some Muslim parents and educators who have realised the problem have found themselves forced to use the western textbooks, like those produced by the Bob Jones University, as currently there is no alternative. We do not recommend their books, since we have not surveyed all existing books and because teaching it without caution may be problematic in some areas. However if you have decided to use that book, here is some helpful material that will make job of adapting it for a Muslim classroom easier.
Listed below are Qura’nic verses appropriate for major chapters. However others could use these verses in connection with any other textbook based on the subject matter. We recommend that discussion of each chapter should be begun by having the students recite the actual verses in Arabic and then read translation. The teacher should then explain the relevance of the verse to the subject matter. Emphasise that as Muslims we look at universe as creation of Allah and our study of science shows us the Signs of Allah and increases our faith. Students may be encouraged to memorise verses with translation by giving them extra credit for this effort.
“Behold! In the creation of heavens and the earth, and the alternation of night and day, there are indeed Signs for men of understanding.” [Aale Imran 3:190]. Oceans: “Nor are the two bodies alike, the one palatable, sweet, and pleasant to drink, and the other salt and bitter. Yet from each kind of water do you flesh and tender, and you extract ornaments to wear; and you see the Ships there in that plough the waves, that you may seek of the bounty of Allah, that you may be grateful.” [Al-Fatir 35:12]
Fresh water springs in the Sea: “He has let free the two seas meeting together: Between is a Barrier which they do not transgress. Then which of the favours of your lord will you deny.” [Al-Rahman 55:19-21]. Winds at sea: “He it is Who enables you to traverse through land and sea; till when you even board ships; – they sail with them with a favourable wind, and they rejoice thereat; then comes a stormy wind and the waves come to them from all sides, and they think they are being overwhelmed: They pray unto Allah, sincerely offering (their) duty to Him, saying “If You do deliver us from this, we shall truly show our gratitude.”[Al-Yunus 10:22]
Wind: “It is He Who sends the winds like heralds of glad tidings, going before His Mercy.” [Al-Araf 7:57]. Trade Winds: “And among His signs are the ships, smooth running through the ocean, tall as mountains. If it be His will, He can still the Wind; then would they become motionless on the back of the (ocean). Verily In this are Signs for every one who patiently perseveres and is grateful.” [Al-Shura 42:32-33]. Flight: “Do they not look at the birds held poised in the midst of the sky? Nothing holds them up but the power of Allah. Verily in this are signs for those who believe.” [Al-Nahl 16:79]. “Do they not observe the birds above them, spreading their wings and folding them in? None can uphold them except the Most Gracious. Truly it is He Who watches over all things.” [Al-Mulk 67:19].
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