Spanish senators met Friday to adopt drastic measures to impose direct rule on rebel region Catalonia in a bid to frustrate its drive to break away, though separatists may push back with an independence declaration.
The senate, where Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy’s Popular Party holds a majority, is scheduled to vote on steps to depose Catalonia’s secessionist government before the week is out, after the region held an unlawful independence referendum on October 1.On Thursday, Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont opted not to call elections for a new regional parliament — thought to be the only way to stave off Madrid’s imminent power grab.
Warning that seizure of control by the central government would escalate the crisis, he passed the buck to the regional parliament “to determine the consequences” of the threatened takeover — thus leaving the door open for a possible independence push.
Spain and Catalonia have been locked in a constitutional standoff since a “Yes” vote in the unregulated plebiscite which secessionist leaders hold up as a popular mandate for independence for the region of 7.5 million people.
Only about 43 percent of voters turned out, however, with many anti-secessionists staying away and others prevented from casting their ballot by Spanish police in a crackdown that turned violent.
Based on the vote, Puigdemont moved towards an independence declaration, but suspended it pending negotiations.
Madrid turned to Article 155 of the constitution — a never-before-used provision designed to rein in rebels among Spain’s 17 regions, which enjoy varying levels of autonomy. Measures drawn up under the article are set to enter into force on Saturday, and will see the central government seek to temporarily take over Catalonia’s civil service, police, purse, and public broadcaster.
Deputy Prime Minister Soraya Saenz de Santamaria insisted the government was “fulfilling a legal obligation, a democratic obligation and a political obligation,” by its actions.—Agencies