Pakistan became a nuclear power on May 28, 1998, when it fruitfully carried out five nuclear tests at Chaghi, in the Province of Balochistan. Basically this was in direct reaction to five nuclear explosions by India, just two weeks earlier. This action was criticized globally; Pakistan maintains that its nuclear programme is for self-defence, as deterrence against nuclear India. Already India had posed a nuclear threat against Pakistan ever since it tested a nuclear device in May 1974. But at that time Pakistan had no nuclear weapons.
After the tit-for-tat nuclear explosions, the United Nations (UN) Security Council collectively passed a resolution urging India and Pakistan to stop the progress of their nuclear weapons’ programmes. Not only United States but also the other Western states imposed economic sanctions against both Pakistan and India. UN Secretary General, Kofi Annan, urged India and Pakistan to sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, which Pakistan agreed to sign if India did the same. Being Nuclear Power both Pakistan and India are far apart in their understanding of nuclear issues and behaviours. Both of them have chosen different intentions for their nuclear weapons, are pursuing diverse capability trajectories, and projecting deterrence in distinct ways. For India, the nuclear weapon performs role of nuclear deterrence – to deter only the nuclear weapons of the other side and for Pakistan, on the other hand, nuclear weapons provide the purpose of deterring India’s conventional supremacy.
Pakistan has more nuclear warheads than India, according to Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Sweden- based international think tank that announced that in 2014, India’s nuclear warheads count was between 90 and 110 while on the other hand Pakistan was ahead at 100-120 nuclear warheads. India, Pakistan, China, US, Russia, Britain, France, Israel and North Korea – have been identified as 9 nuclear arsenals – possessing nations by the SIPRI.
According to new facts and figures regarding nuclear warheads, rest of 7 countries are decreasing the quantity of their nuclear warheads day by day for global peace but the game is not over between Pakistan and India yet due to border threats from each other. So it is better for them to reduce their nuclear weapons quantity for better future relations because economically it could be a huge boon for both countries. It is also better for them to waste far less money on military efforts or nuclear weapons as compared to other useful and productive enterprises for boosting their economy.