President Xi emerges as more powerful leader of China


Likely to be elected today party General Secretary; CPC adopts his concept of socialism
Zubair Qureshi


As was expected President Xi Jinping has emerged more powerful, stronger than ever after the conclusion of the 19th National Congress as his unique concept of ‘Socialism with Chinese characteristics’ has been included in the constitution of Communist Part of China (CPC). Besides amending the Constitution the 19th National Congress on also elected 204 delegates of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC). On Wednesday (today) the Committee will further elect the General Secretary of the CPC and it is most likely the incumbent General Secretary President Xi Jinping will be given the responsibility for another 5 years.
On Tuesday, while amending the Constitution, the Communist Party of China (CPC) 19th National Congress added “Xi Jinping thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era” to its Constitution. The amendment, approved at the 19th CPC National Congress, here at Great Hall of the People, juxtaposes Xi’s thought with Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of Three Represents, and the Scientific Outlook on Development.
By enshrining Xi’s thought into the Party Constitution CPC has given a clear message signifying a leap forward in practical implementation of Marxism. The resolution on the amendment to the Constitution states that with the integration of theory and practice, Chinese communists, with Xi as their chief representative, have given shape to the new thought since the 18th CPC National Congress. The resolution further states the amendment has “systematically addressed the major question of our times — what kind of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era requires us to uphold and develop and how we should uphold and develop it.” It also speaks out Xi’s thought must be upheld on a long-term basis and constantly developed.
Under the guidance of Xi’s thought, “the CPC has led the Chinese people of all ethnic groups in a concerted effort to carry out a great struggle, develop a great project, advance a great cause, and realize a great dream, ushering in a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics,” it says.
A wide range of new ideas, thinking and strategies put forward by the CPC Central Committee with Xi at the core have been added to the constitution, including giving play to the decisive role of market forces in resource allocation, advancing supply-side structural reform and enhancing the country’s cultural soft power.
Congress delegates also agreed to write the culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics into the Party Constitution, along with its path, theory and system.
In addition, the amendment includes an assessment of the change in the “principal contradiction” facing Chinese society. The CPC further says the central contradiction facing Chinese society has evolved from “the ever-growing material and cultural needs of the people and backward social production” to “unbalanced and inadequate development and the people’s ever-growing needs for a better life.”
Xi’s concept also underpins 14 fundamental principles ranging from ensuring party leadership over all work, to building a community with a shared future for mankind. Obviously, the new modernization approach championed by Xi not only differentiates from the journey of developed Western countries, which achieved modernization through industrial revolution and colonial expansion, but also from the neoliberal model advocated by the Washington Consensus.
The year 2017 marks the 150th anniversary of the publication of Karl Marx’s iconic book “Das Kapital,” while 2018 marks the 170th anniversary of the Communist Manifesto as well as the 40th anniversary of socialist China’s launch of the reform and opening-up drive.
According to analysts, Xi believes that the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics means “Scientific socialism is full of vitality in 21st century China, and that the banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics is now flying high and proud for all to see.

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