Babar Ali Bhatti
One of the oldest unresolved international disputes in the world is the Kashmir dispute. Keeping in view the history of Indian-held Kashmir, recent uprisings in Kashmir can be taken as the fifth wave of struggle since 1980. Each wave might have different characteristics with different factors stimulating the agitation. However, one slogan always had been common that intensively implied anti-India sentiments. These periodic outbursts may contain violent demonstrations, yet primarily do not contain any kind of war-fighting endeavours to defeat the Indian military and set free the valley from the dominance of India. Despite the fact that these intermittent outbursts of anti-India sentiments always take lives of Kashmiris and leave the injured, nevertheless people of valley again following the same path.
In recent wave, more than 70 Kashmiris are reported to be martyred and hundreds of them injured including those victims who have lost their light of eyes because of the pellets lodged in their eyes. One and half month has been passed since the shutter down strike and imposition of curfew by Indian military. Again, Kashmir valley is convulsed in increasing lethal violence carried on by Indian armed forces.
Residents of valley cannot wage war with the highly trained thousands of military personals equipped with modern weapons, additionally with the backup of millions of Indian military soldiers. Embodiment of their agitation can be witnessed only through in form of their demonstration. Deeming this fact, it can be claim that intermittent agitations of people of Kashmir valley resulting in callous killings of their own by Indian forces have some other purposes to achieve.
Perhaps they find only one option for salvation to create heavy resistance in order to gain the attention of international community particularly the UN for their liberation right. Repeatedly, the people in Indian-held valley demonstrate their enthusiasm for independence by the means of protests and strikes. Primarily, these periodic outbursts address the United Nations, along with international community, to play its role in the Kashmir issue. UN must understand the intrinsic nature of Kashmir valley issue. Resolution passed in UN for plebiscite in Kashmir underscores that UN might play decisive role to convince the India for amicable and acceptable solution. If UN continues to remain passive on these kinds of issues across the world including sub-continent, it may lose its credibility. UN is considered to be the only platform available to developing and, perhaps, developed countries to get their international issues resolved.
As India is pursuing global ambitious to become regional power. Recent endeavours to be the part of Nuclear Supplier Group and other attempts to gain the membership of United Nation Security Council implies their claim. Keeping in view these ambitions of India, UN, perhaps, can take the advantage of Indian pursuit in order to bring him on the table for solution oriented dialogues. India in this pursuit may pay heed to UN call contrary to earlier times. Or violence resulting into the killings of hundreds of Kashmir might be mitigated by the full-fledged intervention of UN in Kashmir. Ruthless treatments by Indian armed forces towards residents of valley can be precluded by the interference of UN. Several tactics might be employed by the UN or its organs to avoid the massacre of Kashmiris. Yet, UN does not seem to be so much concerned with this issue which may ultimately affect the status of UN.
United Nation observers were denied the entry into Indian-held Kashmir by Indian government whereas commission, which was established to resolve the Kashmir issue, has the authority to send as many observers as it deemed necessary under chapter VI of UN charter. To the extent of sub-continent, UN appeared to be the blank body that could not solve the oldest and acute issue.
Then how it can ensure the stability in the region which has two nuclear power states? New Delhi may level allegations that recent wave is getting assistance from Pakistani side. However, UN mission if granted access therein can conduct the inquiry that whether this agitation is indigenous or not. Furthermore, it can also obtain the objective reports from foreign media which have testified several times that agitation is indigenous. Whatsoever, solution may likely to take so much time but ‘’Human Right’’ violations must be stopped by the active participation of United Nations Human Rights Commission.
Considering the all these facts with different aspects, UN must play an active role to resolve the Kashmir issue for the resumption of peace in international landscape particularly in sub-continent and to invigorate its status as the only and effective international platform for all issues so that peace may last.
— The writer is a freelance columnist based in Islamabad.