China asserts India must sign NPT for NSG; India denies any link between the two
Islamabad/New Delhi—Pakistan submitted a formal application to acquire the membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) on May 19, 2016, Foreign Office said.
In a letter addressed to the Chairman of NSG, the Ambassador of Pakistan in Vienna stated that the decision to seek participation in the export control regime reflects Pakistan’s strong support for international efforts to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery.
“Pakistan has the expertise, manpower, infrastructure, as well as the ability to supply NSG controlled items, goods and services for a full range of nuclear applications for peaceful uses.
“Pakistan attaches high priority to nuclear safety and security. It has taken legal, regulatory and administrative measures to bring nuclear safety and security at par with international standards.
“Pakistan’s export control regime is underpinned by strong legislation, regulatory and enforcement mechanisms. The national export control lists are harmonized with the control lists of NSG, MTCR and Australia Group.”
Through an official note, Pakistan has informed the IAEA Director General of its adherence to the objectives of NSG and its decision to act in accordance with NSG Guidelines with regard to transfer of nuclear material, equipment and related technology, including related dual-use equipment, materials, software and related technology.
Pakistan has stressed the need for NSG to adopt a non-discriminatory criteria-based approach for NSG membership of the countries, which has never been party to the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
Pakistan’s NSG membership will further NSG non-proliferation objectives by the inclusion of a state with nuclear supply capabilities and its adherence to NSG Guidelines and best practices on supply of controlled items, goods, materials, technologies and services.
Taking a principled position that seeks to block India’s quest for membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group, China has said NSG is linked to the NPT, indicating India could be eligible for NSG membership only if it signed the NPT. Speaking to journalists in Delhi, a senior Chinese diplomat denied it was a “bilateral issue”.
“As a member of UN security council, we are the watchdog of the world, we must ensure the rules. And we must also think about others, not just India who want an exception to the rules,” he said.
The US, he said, is asking for an exception for India. “China would never block India’s entry into any world body but what about the efficiency of the regime?”
“China,” he said, “joined the NPT in 1992. The treaty has some problems and Indians believe there are double standards. But it only recognizes nuclear weapons states as those that tested weapons before 1967. China did not make this rule, western powers did. We just have to maintain the rules.”—APP/Agencies