Obama arrives in Vietnam, seeks to turn old foe into new partner

Aboard Air Force One/Hanoi—U.S. President Barack Obama on Sunday arrived in Vietnam, a trip aimed at sealing the transformation of an old enemy into a new partner to help counter China’s growing assertiveness in the region.
Four decades after a war with Vietnam that deeply divided opinion in America, Obama aims to boost defence and economic ties with the country’s communist rulers while also prodding them on human rights, aides say.
His visit has been preceded by a debate in Washington over whether Obama should use the three-day visit starting Monday to roll back an arms embargo on Hanoi, one of the last vestiges of wartime animosity.
That would anger Beijing, which resents U.S. efforts to forge stronger military bonds with its neighbours amid rising tensions in the disputed South China Sea. But there was no immediate word of a final U.S. decision on the issue.
Vietnam’s poor human rights record is a sticking point, but the Obama administration appears increasingly swayed toward giving Hanoi some leeway to build its deterrent against Beijing.
Obama’s visit follows what the Pentagon called an “unsafe” intercept by Chinese fighter jets of a U.S. military reconnaissance plane over the South China Sea on Tuesday.
“Nobody has any illusions,” said Evan Medeiros, Obama’s former top Asia adviser. “This trip sends important signals to China about U.S. activism in the region and growing U.S. concern about Chinese behavior.”
Vietnam’s government earlier this month said lifting the embargo would show mutual trust and that buying arms from its partners was “normal”.
There has been much excitement about Obama’s arrival in a country with a young population enthusiastic about closer U.S. ties, and resentful of Vietnam’s economic dependence on its unpopular neighbour China.
“Obama visit to Vietnam is closure of the past,” said Hanoi cyclo driver Vu Van Manh. “What’s important is the present. The two countries can bond more to develop both economies.”
As a sign of the capitalism that now thrives in Vietnam, some opportunistic businesses are using pictures of a smiling Obama to sell their products.
Bilateral trade has swelled 10 times over since ties were normalised in 1995 to around $45 billion now. Vietnam is Southeast Asia’s biggest exporter to the United States, with textiles and electronics the largest volumes.
Washington wants Vietnam to open up on the economic front and move closer militarily, including increased visits by U.S. warships and possibly access to the strategic harbor at Cam Ranh Bay, U.S. officials say.
“What we want to demonstrate with this visit is a significant upgrade in the relationship … even as we have areas of difference,” said Ben Rhodes, Obama’s deputy national security adviser.
But the trip will be punctuated by reminders of the past. Obama will be accompanied by Secretary of State John Kerry, who after a tour in Vietnam as a young Navy officer became an antiwar protester. Obama will in Hanoi meet Vietnam’s triumvirate of leaders, President Tran Dai Quang, Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc and party chief, Nguyen Phu Trong. Phuc and Quang took office only last month.—Reuters

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