Education plays a pivotal role in the social, economic and ethical development of a country. Education is regarded as an efficient tool to reduce poverty by providing a nation with competent and competitive workforce. For any educational system to be effective its teaching process should be efficient. Teaching can be a very arduous and compelling activity as it calls for to take germane actions in the learning process. The quality of teaching process can be determined on a number of factors such as teaching techniques, new strategies, willingness of students to learn and willingness of teachers to teach, and most importantly motivation level of students and teachers.
Many psychologists believe that motivation is one of the prime factors in defining the quality of teaching as it is the base to determine the human behaviour. As teachers are the primary agents in the whole educational and learning process they have the greatest impact on the students’ motivational level. Motivation can be defined as the amount of work an individual puts in to achieve a goal. Motivation can also be expressed as a cycle in which certain thoughts effects behaviour which in turn drives performance. Motivation comes from the inside of an individual. Over the years several techniques have been developed to define the various categories of motivation. Teachers can adopt the four main categories of motivational techniques so that they can strive to provide suitable learning conditions to students.