Shortage of safe drinking water in Pakistan, with an estimated 44 per cent of the population without access to clean drinking water, is proliferating quickly. In rural areas, 90 per cent of people don’t have access to this basic necessity of life. The threat of clean drinking water scarcity contains one of the biggest challenges to Pakistan’s survival. This threat is real, as it has been taking millions of lives especially those of children. It is estimated that about 200,000 children in Pakistan die every year of diarrhoea alone, according to a report of Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR). It is predicted that by end of the year 2020, the population of Karachi is expected to be approximately 23 million and the demand of water would be 1242 MGD (54 GPCD). And the short fall of water will be of 600 MGD (2700 ml/day). In Pakistan, majority of population is using groundwater for drinking purpose. Contamination of this source due to unplanned urbanisation and industrialisation is a major problem. Exploitation of natural resources and discharge of hazardous wastes into Sea, rivers and lakes without proper treatment is one of the major concerns. As water is the essential need of every human being and it’s a right of every person to have access to drinking safe water, government should pay attention to water crisis, least the government can do is ensure smooth provision of this most basic public health necessity to the deprived people and to prevent thousands of Pakistani children from dying. Clean water should be provided to everyone especially the villagers. Government should take all possible steps to resolve the water shortage problem and provision of clean drinking water to the citizens.