How soda impacts diabetes risk


Sweetened sodas are hugely popular throughout America. Because they are consumed in such volume, any negative health effects should be thoroughly investigated. In this article, we ask whether soda does indeed increase the risk of diabetes. The average can of soda is roughly 20 ounces and contains 15-18 teaspoons of sugar and more than 240 calories.
These high levels of quick-digesting carbs do not lower calorie intake at mealtimes. In other words, they are an addition to the daily calorie intake, rather than a replacement. In modern society, the effects of this excessive energy intake are worsened by people’s lower levels of physical activity. Because of sedentary lifestyles, the energy sodas provide is often not needed and is stored in the body instead.
People who drink one, two, or more cans of soda a day are much more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than people who rarely drink soda. In fact, according to a study published in 2010, the risk of developing diabetes is 26 percent higher for people who have one or more sugary drinks each day. Young adults and Asians who consume one or more sweetened drinks daily are at an even greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Drinking too many sweetened drinks means that the body stores excess energy in the form fat, so, drinking too much soda can play a part in people becoming overweight or obese. Research has shown that being overweight or obese is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes and other conditions. Although research has proven a clear association between high-sugar consumption and diabetes, the scientists involved in the research are still unsure of the reasons behind it.
A review of relevant studies, compiled in 2015, confirmed the relationship between diabetes and sweetened drinks, however, the exact biological mechanisms were still unclear. One study, published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, investigated relationships between the diet and health of 91,249 female nurses over 8 years. They found a link between a high glycemic index diet and type 2 diabetes.
Foods with a high glycemic index, such as sugary foods or sweetened soft drinks, are digested more quickly than low glycemic index foods, causing a quicker spike in blood sugar levels. The risk for diabetes was high even after taking into account other known risks and dietary factors involved in diabetes. In fact, the diabetes risk associated with high energy intake was greater than that of trans fatty acid intake or an unhealthy ratio of polyunsaturated to saturated fats.

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