It is time to ask what is the future of ethical journalism in an age when it appears that the people around the world are falling out with facts, humanity and accountable truth-telling.
Ethics in the News, a report on the latest situation compiled by the Ethical Journalism Network (EJN) has thrown some light on challenges for media and gives journalists some key tips on ethical survival techniques.
According to a synopsis of the report the way media covered the UK vote to leave the European Union and the Trump election has intensified concerns about the revival of racism, extremism and political propaganda across the western world.
Ethics in the Newsanalyses fake news and how journalism with a public purpose can be overwhelmed in a do-it-yourself world of communications that has led to a so-called post-truth movement in which facts and expert opinion are left on the sidelines of public discourse.
But, according to the report, this is no “western media” crisis. Elsewhere, the question is equally relevant. Turkey, for instance, is on the frontline of a catastrophic and on-going assault on free expression and the year ended with a full-scale information war between India and Pakistan.
The report also examines the continuing global rise of hate speech, particularly in Asia, where there are increasing regional tensions around China and Japan, not least because of territorial disputes and increasing nationalism. Ethics in the News shows how a glossary for hate in Hong Kong might help take the sting out of some of the media’s bad language.
In Africa, media struggle to rise above conflicts in central and eastern regions covering Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Somalia, Kenya and South Sudan. The report highlights the efforts of journalists to cool things down through the EJN’s ‘Turning the Page of Hate campaign’.
Beyond politics the report examines how media covers the plight of women who are victimized by repressive social and cultural attitudes that continue to dominate media coverage of the shockingly misnamed “honor killing “in Pakistan.
However, according to the report despite the grim news agenda, it was not all bad news for journalism in 2016. Perhaps the biggest single, corruption-busting story of the decade came from an unprecedented piece of investigative journalism carried out by 400 journalists in 80 countries—the Panama Papers.
The report highlights two areas of particular ethical practice that make journalism a cornerstone of reliability and trust: firstly, a tribute to all the whistle-blowers and sources who make public interest journalism possible through the eyes of the reporter who helped Edward Snowden reveal the secrets of United States’ global surveillance and snooping; and, second, a thoughtful examination of how we use images to tell stories, focused on migration.
Ethics in the News also provides tips for journalists on how to stick to the facts, protect sources,report fairly on migration, identify hate speech, block fake news and guard against war-mongering and propaganda.
The report notes a growing movement to strengthen the craft of journalism and how, in every part of the world, even where megaphone politics is in power, journalists committed to the values of accuracy, humanity and transparency are doing good work and connecting with audiences.
But more needs to be done to support media. The EJN report calls for action to strengthen media professionalism and for new directions in public policy:
· To develop practical and sustainable solutions to the funding crisis facing independent journalism.
· To support the public purpose of journalism through more investment in public service media.
· To launch campaigns to combat hatred, racism and intolerance.
· To provide more resources for investigative reporting and ways of promoting minority voices.
· To encourage attachment to ethical values in the management and governance of journalism.
· To put pressure on social networks and Internet companies to accept responsibility that as publishers they must monitor their news services.
· To support expanded media and information literacy programs to make people – including politicians and others in public life – more aware of the need for responsible and tolerant communications.
The moving spirit behind setting up Ethical Journalism Network, Aiden White has contributed a brainy piece to the report, excerpts of which follow: “We also look at the role of war-mongeringmedia in Indiawhere the year ended with a full-scale
information war between India and Pakistan and with bellicose journalists stoking up the prospects of a new conflict between these nuclear states. “The world’s changing culture of communications, driven by the imperial power of internet companies and social networks, not only encourages users to create personal echo-chambers at the expense of information pluralism, it has also shredded the market models that used to nourish ethical journalism. Many observers inside media are not overly optimistic about the future, but although there may be more rumor, speculation, fake-news and misinformation as the information market moves online, there is a growing movement to strengthen the craft of journalism. “Public trust will only return when people have confidence that powerful institutions – government, the state, corporate power – are accountable and listening to their concerns. Journalism at its best can do this job, but not without fresh support. The crisis outlined here is not just one of professionalism, it is a watershed moment for democracy and requires political will to invest in open, connected and pluralist systems of communication. What is needed are new directions in public policy”