Effects of alcohol

Aimen Saba Marwat
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In Pakistan, being a Muslim country, Alcohol is prohibited but one can find it everywhere and anywhere. According to an estimate, more than 10 million Pakistanis drink alcohol and unfortunately they mainly include rich, educated and influential people. Poor people normally rely on lethal “Desi Sharab” made at home. What I mean by alcohol here is alcoholic drinks, such as beer, wine and spirits. It is a substance that can cause drunkenness and changes in consciousness, mood and emotions. It is these intoxicating and psychoactive effects that lead to so many accidents, injuries, diseases and disruptions in the family life.
Alcohol is absorbed into the bloodstream via small blood vessels in the walls of the stomach and small intestine. Within minutes of drinking alcohol, it travels from the stomach to the brain, where it quickly produces its effects, slowing the action of nerve cells. Alcohol is also carried by the bloodstream to the liver, which eliminates the alcohol from the blood through a process called “metabolizing,” where it is converted to a nontoxic substance. The liver can only metabolize a certain amount at a time, leaving the excess circulating throughout the body. Thus the intensity of the effect on the body is directly related to the amount consumed. When the amount of alcohol in the blood exceeds a certain level, the respiratory system slows down markedly, and can cause a coma or death, because oxygen no longer reaches the brain.

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