Education is the basic right of every human being. It is the power that leads a person from darkness of illiteracy into the light of knowingness. In general sense, education is the transferring of knowledge, habits and skills from one generation to the next. However, in our country, education has always been a victim of negligence by the people from different strata of our society.
The educational standard of our country can be seen in terms of and with reference to the regions and Provinces. We can have a look at the results of competitive exams and one can easily gauge that the education standard of Sindh is quite low as compared to that of the other provinces. Sindh is facing grave crises of education. There are 12 million children in Sindh between the age of 5 and 16, of which 6.1 million or 50% are out of school. The Government funding and support for education is also inadequate. There are 47,394 government schools in Sindh, of which 91% are primary schools and 1% are higher secondary schools. The drop out rate of children is very high because of poor facilities, crumbling infrastructure and not enough schools. The enrolment among both boys and girls falls dramatically after primary level. There are 722,931 children enrolled in Class 1 and this number falls to just 228,015 in class 6, a drop of nearly half a million is recorded.
If we compare the attendance statistics in the schools of Sindh, it is just 67% while in other Provinces on the country, the attendance ratio is 80% – hence, Sindh has the lowest attendance in whole country. Ghost schools are also one of the serious problems and according to a recent report of non-functional and ghost schools in Sindh submitted to the supreme court of Pakistan, there are at least 6,164 non- functional schools in Sindh, this means that every 7th school in Sindh is either a ghost school or non-functional, 3 out of every 4 non-functional or ghost schools in Pakistan are in Sindh.
The above disturbing situation is happening just because of massive corruption, political interferences, lack of quality education, different parallel systems of education, indifference towards the importance of education, corporal punishment, and shortage of schools. The least bothered civil society and poverty are the main factors of this destruction. It is not possible to eradicate corruption from society but it can be reduced by appointing honest and committed people in education department. Regular monitoring system may be launched at district level and salary of teachers may not be released unless signed by monitoring officer. There are many corrupt and incompetent District Education Officers who were appointed by the previous government; they should be sent back on their previous positions and other honest and capable people be posted on their positions.