Deforestation & afforestation

In developing countries like Pakistan, there is a population explosion. The rapid increase in population growth increase requirements for food and shelter. To overcome the basic need of more food, we are cutting trees to make way for agriculture and wood for houses. If the forests are cut down at that rate, leaf canopy, which protects the soil from the beating effects of rain, will no longer exist. Consequently, some of the soil will be wasted by surface run off, reaching streams and rivers. Nowadays, we are facing the problem of environmental pollution. Tree plantation is the only solution to make our environment more neat and clean. Numerous human activities have detrimental effects on natural carbon sinks. The great forest of temperate and tropic biomes have been greatly reduced through harvesting practice that exceeds rates of replacement. This reduction has decreased the number of living trees that through photosynthesis removed carbon from the atmosphere and through their growth stored it as wood for a long period of time. It is necessary to replace deforestation with reforestation such as trees may be replanted. Reforestation is especially important for many of the conifers species, which often require bare soil to establish. In clear-cut, where all the tress have been removed, resprouting from stumps or seed germination may be protected for reforestation. Afforestation is establishment of new forests where no forests existed previously.
DEENA MANZOOR
Turbat, Balochistan

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