China’s choice on North Korea

John Bolton

For 25 years, US presidents, Republican and Democratic alike, have tried persuasion (through diplomacy) and coercion (through economic sanctions) to induce North Korea to abandon its nuclear-weapons and ballistic-missile programmes. All these efforts have failed. Pyongyang happily commits to denuclearise in exchange for economic benefits, but never honours its commitments.
A 26th year will also fail. North Korea sees deliverable nuclear weapons as its ace in the hole, synonymous with regime survival. When we say “give up your nukes,” Kim Jung Un and his generals hear “give up your regime (and your lives).” They won’t do it.Barack Obama’s gutting of our nascent missile-defence capabilities has made pre-emptive action more likely. More robust detection and missile systems, although far from perfect, would provide more time and confidence that we could protect innocent American civilians from a terrorist nuclear strike by Pyongyang. Only one non-military alternative now exists: convincing China that reuniting Korea, essentially by the South peacefully absorbing the North, is in both of our best interests.
China fears that truly applying its enormous economic leverage would collapse the Pyongyang regime, resulting in millions of refugees flowing into China, and American troops positioned on the Yalu River. Washington can assure Beijing that we (and Seoul) also fear massive refugee flows, and would work with China to stabilise the North’s population as its government disintegrated, and provide humanitarian assistance. And China can rest assured we don’t want US forces on the Yalu, but instead want them near Pusan, available for rapid deployment across Asia.
There is a deal here, not based on Pyongyang renouncing its nuclear programme, but on China and America ending the North’s threat by peacefully ending the North. Ironically, a pre-emptive US attack would likely have the consequences Beijing fears: regime collapse, huge refugee flows and US flags flying along the Yalu River. China can do it the easier way or the harder way: It’s their choice. Time is growing short. The writer is a former US ambassador to the UN.
— Courtesy: USA Today

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