Bones’ disease

Osteoporosis is the common bone abnormality and it has become major public health hazard with an estimated prevalence of over 200 million. It is estimated that about 9.9 million people in Pakistan have osteoporosis of whom 7.2 million are women. Moreover, it is estimated that about 40 million Pakistanis have osteopenia with equal distribution among males and females. The prevalence of osteoporosis in Pakistan is expected to rise in coming years with an estimated prevalence of 11.3 million in 2020 and 12.9 million in 2050. Osteoporosis is associated with a considerable morbidity and mortality especially among older people and females. Osteoporosis is the condition where the density and quality of bones are reduced, significantly increasing the risk of fractures and difficult recovery. The International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) audit finds that Asian populations in general stay well below the WHO recommended level of Calcium intake, with most countries in the region having seen a two or three times increase in the incidence of hip fracture over the past three decades. However, the matter in Pakistan is complex due to lack of awareness. There is no fracture registry has been made to consolidate figures related to high-risk patients. The societal factors such as poor nutrition, low-level vitamin D and low exercise level increase the complexity and prevalence of the disease in Pakistan. No doubt food is the nature’s best medicine. Therefore, the intake of healthy and natural food can treat and cure osteoporosis and improve overall health. Healthy lifestyle must be adopted to improve the disease and to attain the quality of life. The media and govt, to prevent this disease especially among geriatric people and females, must foster awareness.
KIRAN FATIMA
Islamabad

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