Karen J Greenberg
The death count from Tuesday’s separate bombing attacks in Brussels continued to climb Thursday, with police reporting at least 34 dead and nearly 270 injured. The atrocities are tragic and unacceptable. But the West should understand that this is what winning may look like in the battle against the so-called Islamic State group (ISIS). The attackers’ coordinated strikes could well stem more from a sense of weakness, than strength.
ISIS has recently taken a series of serious hits at its power and prowess. First, and most important, its territory in Iraq and Syria — the “caliphate” that has attracted foreign fighters from around the globe — has been steadily diminishing in size over the past 15 months, and the territorial losses are escalating. Since January 2015, the militant group has lost an estimated 22 percent of its territory in Iraq and Syria — with 8 percent of those losses in 2016. This past month, a cache of thousands of ISIS documents was leaked to the European media. In Arabic, the documents consisted of ISIS member forms, including such biographical information as names, ages, education, skills and whether or not the individuals were still alive.
Then, four days before the Brussels bombings, the supposed mastermind of the November Paris attacks, Salah Abdeslam was captured in the neighbourhood where he grew up in Belgium. Authorities have announced that he is cooperating with law enforcement, presumably providing them with information about his network, its plans and potentially the names and plans of individuals who pose an imminent threat to the safety and security of Europe.
This combination of circumstances — severe territorial losses in Iraq and Syria, leaks of revealing documents and the capture of someone who likely knows the extent of the wider network and its future plans — may have pushed the Brussels cell to the point of panic. True, the network’s plan had been laid out, its weapons amassed, its suicide bombers chosen. Yet the Brussels attacks may still have been a sign of a group feeling cornered and on the run. One reason the West may be missing this point is that the Brussels bombings trigger fears associated with the now iconic details of previous al-Qaida attacks. The images of an internationally known target, with mass civilian casualties, multiple suicide bombers and the use of explosives — this is the al-Qaida playbook, which those who call themselves the ISIS have now taken up.
The attacks on transportation systems in Brussels, the airport and the subways, recall the London bus and subway bombings in 2005 and the Madrid train station bombing in 2004 — which together resulted in hundreds of deaths. Pointedly, as an attack on a world-renowned international centre, home of NATO and the European Commission, where individuals of many different nationalities were destined to be among the victims, it is reminiscent of 9/11.
Why does it matter whether this possible shift in focus is a sign of weakness or strength, of frustration or confidence? Because it provides insights into how the West should react to the Brussels attacks. For starters, law enforcement — the front line of this asymmetrical war outside of the Levant — should do exactly what it has been doing: find the perpetrators, identify the members of their wider network and seize the weapons and the persons responsible for the bombing attacks.
But the larger question of fear is at issue here. If the Brussels attacks are indeed a desperate sign of panic on the part of ISIS, then the proper response to Brussels is not fear, but a sense of sorrow and loss. We — the public, the media, public officials and politicians — would do well not to yield to the inaccurate and inflame our sense of vulnerability and weakness. The defensiveness of ISIS on the run may well reap far more violence before the group’s death throes. But the West should not be deterred from keeping up its pressure on ISIS at home and abroad. The realities of terrorism call for constant vigilance as a fact of life, and will for a long time to come. No more and no less. The writer is director of the Center on National Security at Fordham Law School.
— Courtesy: The Japan Times