70pc of Type-2 diabetes cases can be prevented by adopting healthier lifestyle

World Diabetes Day marked

Zubair Qureshi

Islamabad—Screening for diabetes complications is an important part of effective management of the disease, to ensure good health. Masses and diabetic patients must adopt preventive measures to avoid serious health hazards”, said Dr. Tayyab Badshah, Consultant Endocrinologist Shifa International Hospital. He was addressing a seminar organized by Shifa International Hospital to mark World Diabetes Day. Doctors, SIH officials, students, patients and people from all walks of life attended the seminar. Free consultancy, screening, informative booklets and prizes were given to the participants. The theme of the day was “Eyes on Diabetes” and this year, there is a focus on promoting the importance of screening to ensure early diagnosis of Type -2 diabetes and treatment to reduce the risk of serious complications. Dr Tayyab said that 415 million adults worldwide living with diabetes in 2015, over one-third will develop some form of diabetic retinopathy, a complication of diabetes that can lead to vision impairment and blindness.
Careful management of diabetes and screening for diabetic eye disease can help prevent visual impairment and blindness. More than 93 million adults, or one in three, currently living with diabetes have diabetic retinopathy. The management of diabetes and its complications begins in primary health care and this should include screening for diabetic retinopathy. Early detection and timely treatment of diabetic retinopathy can prevent vision loss and reduce the impact of diabetes on individuals and society. Screening for diabetes complications is an important part of effective management of the disease, to ensure optimal health, he recommended.
Dr Usama Ishtiaq, Consultant Endocrinologist SIH, said 1 in 2 (46%) people with diabetes are undiagnosed. Diabetes caused 5 million deaths in 2015; every six seconds a person dies from diabetes. Pakistan is at the 10th position, with over 7 million diabetic patients between 20 to 79 years of age. He said, 86,000 children suffer from type-1 diabetes every year. Worldwide more than 20.9 million live births were affected by diabetes during pregnancy in 2015 means 1 in 7 births. Balanced diet, regular exercise, weight control, regular medication and proper blood glucose level tests are a few essential factors that can help to control diabetes and avoid complications, he recommended.
Ms Aisha Wajahat, Podiatrist (Foot and Ankle Specialist) SIH, said that many people with diabetes know they have to take care of their feet, understanding why foot problems occur will help you to take action to prevent them. She added prolonged period of high blood glucose levels can cause damage to different areas of your body including your feet and legs. High blood glucose can cause damage to your long nerves and blood vessels. Damage to your nerves is sometimes called neuropathy. When it affects your feet it can lead to following: Damage to sensory nerves, motor nerves and autonomic nerves. The other important reason why some diabetic may develop foot problem is due to damaged blood vessels. This affects the circulation of the blood which is important for your skin, muscles and tissues.
Maroof International Hospital also arranged a day long camp at a local mall. Senior consultants provided medical advice to hundred of people to take preventive measures against diabetes and seek treatment as early as possible.

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