I don’t believe in taking the decision. I take a decision and make it right” this undaunting attitude of the man, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, known as the founder of Pakistan paved the road to build this invincible state . A dream envisaged by the great poet ,Allama Muhammad Iqbal was first brought to light by Jinnah under The Lahore Resolution [now Pakistan Resolution]. The Lahore Resolution ,actually, expressed the idea of the state of Pakistan. It is only text that was discussed and agreed by the leaders from all corners of Indian sub-continent under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah. It is the only document that can be referred as the “father document” of Pakistan. Ever since the inception of this idea leading to the foundation of Pakistan, the day is celebrated as Youm-e -Pakistan ( Pakistan Day) every year on 23rd of March .
The two-nation theory paved the way for The Muslim League in the subcontinent. In September 1944, Quaid-i-Azam was very categorical in asserting that he was talking of one state of Pakistan. “Pakistan came into being the very day when the first Hindu converted to Islam. It’s about the time when the Muslims didn’t rule there . The foundation of Muslim nationalism is neither a nation nor a race, but Kalam-e-Tauheed (The oneness of God). When the first person of the subcontinent turned to Islam, he no longer remained a part of the previous nation rather became a member of a separate nation. And a new nation came into being in the subcontinent.”( The Quaid’s address to the students of Muslim Ali Garh University 8th March 1944). This issue was finally clarified by the convention of parliamentarians from majority regions in the United India held in Delhi, in April 1946. The evolutionary process of the creation of Pakistan began before March 1940 and ended with the attainment of independence in Pakistan in 1947.
This separation was not the final point of success, the baby toddler (Pakistan) was now treading ways to a new journey of stabilizing. Pakistan’s Independence was not a piece of cake, rather a number of issues came with the package. Not just that, Pakistan has witnessed tumultuous political upheavals. Since its independence, Pakistan’s democratic system has fluctuated between civilian and military governments at various times throughout its political history, mainly due to political instability, civil-military conflicts, political corruption, and the periodic coup d’états by the military establishment against weak civilian governments, resulting in the enforcement of martial law across the country (occurring in 1958, 1977 and 1999, and led by chief martial law administrators Ayub Khan, Zia-ul-Haq and Pervez Musharraf respectively). Democracy in Pakistan, however imperfect, has been allowed to function to varying degrees. Until 2013, Pakistan did not experience even one democratic transfer of power from one democratically elected government that had completed its tenure to another. All of its previous democratic transitions have been aborted by military coup. Democracy has been settling its feet since the last decade ,from 2008 till date, with Imran Khan as the elected Prime Minister.
Having achieved the political stability in the country , Pakistan is up for peace in and outside the region which is the first and foremost requirement of any nation to flourish at free hand . The rising Islamophobia ( the very recent example is the Christ Church terror attacks on two mosques, killing as many Muslims as fifty, in New Zealand) and Hindutava are termed as biggest threats to peace. The two-nation theory still resonates in modern-day “secular” India; highly influenced by the Hindutva aspirations .Under the so-called inclusive constitution of India, Muslims have been relegated further down the societal hierarchy since partition. And this is strongly attributed, among other things, to the rise of Hindutva groups in the country who have an extreme distaste for Muslims. Whenever these groups surged, Muslims have suffered in all aspects whether religious, social or political. As S M Hali denotes in his famous book ‘Rising Hindutva’ that ” this animosity has informed a bitter state of bilateral relations between India and Pakistan , from Kashmir to Mumbai to the accession of Modi to power. It has resulted in four wars , both countries becoming nuclear weapon states and how it might trigger an ultimate disaster unless better sense prevails.”
The very recent being the Pulwama attack ,occurring on 14th February 2019, where India triggered Pakistan with allegations and tried to jeopardise peace by threats of war. Pakistan has well coped this issue with political wit but these prodigious challenges are yet to be dealt iron handily with great political insight and peace-loving wit. The journey is on its go , today, Pakistan is not a dream it has been carved into a reality. Once a strategy, it has now become the only destiny for over 204 million people. On this day, let’s find out what actually was proposed in the Pakistan Resolution, let’s revisit the document in today’s circumstances and rethink; have we done enough to achieve what was envisioned by our founding fathers for people living in Pakistan? The onus is on the governing bodies ,in particular, and on every single individual of the region, in general, towards the achievement of the highest ends for a developed nation.
— The writer is freelance columnist..