Over 0.4 million people are affected from tuberculosis in Pakistan and if sin-cere steps are not initiated for treatment of tuberculosis patients, each patient can affect 10 to 15 persons in a year.
World Tuberculosis day was observed on Friday, March, 24 in the world including Pakistan and the theme of World TB Day 2017 was “Unite to End TB.” Tuberculosis is an important public health problem that is prevent-able and curable.
Talking to APP former Director Tuberculosis control Sindh Dr. Asmat Ara Khursheed informed that TB was producing nine million patients every year in the world, of them 1.7 million patients were losing their lives.
Dr. Asmat Ara said that Tuberculosis was the only disease against which the government has taken initiatives on war footing-basis and succeeded in controlling it in efficient manner.
She said that as a result of the efforts, Pakistan has lowered down at number eight from number six among those countries of the world, which had maximum numbers of tuberculosis patients. India and China are still at number one and number two positions respectively in the ranking, she added.
Dr. Asmat Ara said that tuberculosis was treatable disease and there was the need of mass awareness aboujt the disease so that it could be eradicated from the country through community participation.
She further informed that tuberculosis claiming the death of two million people every year in the world and ratio in Pakistan is 62 thousand in a year.
Besides, she informed that three hospitals of Sindh including Indus Hospital Karachi, Ojha Institute Karachi and Institute of Chest Diseases Kotri have been upgraded with ‘Multi Drug Resistance’ (MDR) System. The medi-cines stores have also been upgraded in all districts of Sindh while TB Survey and research are being carried out in cooperation with Global Fund, she said and informed that selected doctors were being trained with modern treat-ment technique , she added.
She further informed that with the cooperation of Sindh Government, warehouses had been established in Ka-rachi, Hyderabad and Larkana where the medicines were being preserved accordingly.
The next step of Tuberculosis control in Sindh is to provide required facilities for treatment of TB affected children in the province, she informed and added that doctors from 13 districts of the province had been selected and were being trained with provision of required medicines.
Besides, she informed that Tuberculosis Treatment Centres had also been established in all central prisons of Sindh.The tuberculosis Control Programme Sindh is managing 270 free of cost diagnostic centres where free of cost tuberculosis treatment is being provided to patients, she said and informed that 11 diagnostic centers and 35 treat-ment centers were functional in Hyderabad.
She emphasized the need of adopting effective measures for eradicating Tuberculosis from the country.
Meanwhile, “The report also notes that, in 2015, the number of people who died from TB grew to 1.8m, from 1.5m in 2014. Worryingly, 50% of all multi-drug resistant TB patients are either not completing or not being helped by the current two-year treatment regimen. These sobering statistics remind us of our urgency to continue the fight to develop the better, faster and affordable treatments that will finally bring this pandemic under control.—APP