Engr Mansoor Ahmed
The Cutting Edge IT & Electronics Comprehensive Exhibition (CEATEC) will kick off near Tokyo this week with array of robots on display. Japan, with 40 % of all the robots in the world, is the country with the highest number of robots. In recent years, Japan has sent a talking robot into space as a conversation partner for Japanese astronaut, as part of a project to see how the machine could act as a companion for isolated people. In Pakistan, the Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology (GIKI) has designed and built a rescue robot system with the name “SAVIOUR”.
A robot is an electromechanical machine that is guided by a computer programme. Robots can be autonomous or semi autonomous and range from humanoids to industrial robots, medical operating robots, patent assist robots, dog therapy robots, collectively programmed swarm robots etc. Robots have replaced human beings in performing dangerous tasks which humans prefer not to do, or unable to do because of size limitations, or which take place in extreme environments such as outer space or the bottom of sea. However, there are concerns about the increasing use of robots and their role in society. Unemployment is rising as the robots replace workers in increasing number of functions. The use of robots in military combat raises ethical concerns and the concept of humanoid sex robots would be morally wrong and socially harmful, and demeaning to women and children.