Junagadh is part of Pakistan but remains under illegal Indian occupation: Speakers
Islamabad—The issue of Junagadh is still legally genuine at international level because instrument of accession is still intact. Outstanding issue of Junagadh state should be raised at international forums. Pakistani nation should not forget their claim of the territory of Junagadh and commitment it made with Nawab of Junagadh.
Speakers at the round table discussion stressed that Pakistan should carry on the Junagadh issue and fight it at international forums. The Indian occupation of Junagadh is illegal and violation of instrument of accession that Nawab of Junagadh signed with Pakistan.
The event was organized by MUSLIM Institute titled ‘Accession of Junagadh to Pakistan: An Analysis’. Those who addressed the event included the Nawab of Junagadh State Nawab Jahangir Khanji, former Minister for Law Ahmer Bilal Soofi, Chairman MUSLIM Institute Sahibzada Sultan Ahmad Ali, former Ambassador Ishtiaq Ahmad Andrabi, former AmbassadorAamirAnwar Shadani, Dr. NazirHussain, Dr. Farooq Ahmad Dar, and Dr. TughralYamin.
The speakers said Nawabof Junagadh has lost the territory but has all legal rights. The issue is present in UN and Pakistan has all moral and legal rights to defend the case. Issue of Junagadh remained active part of our politics, policy and education curriculum for initial few decades. After shifting of Pakistan’s capital to Islamabad, the issue has been out of limelight which has impacted the progress of this case in UN. Now the issue is forgotten in real politic and international arena.
At the time of division, British India had 562 states and Junagadh was 5th largest state with respect to revenue generation. It was having its own systems and other infrastructure. It was a welfare state at that time. According to June 3 Plan, Nawab Mahabbat Khanjisigned instrument of accession with the then Governor General of Pakistan, Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah and Pakistani flag was raised there.
This decision by Nawab of Junagadh was taken after consultation of state council of Junagadh which was including Hindus and Muslims both. When Nawab came to Karachi for settlement of different matters with Quaid-i-Azam, civil disorder was created in Junagadh by India and making it an excuse for security cancers, Indian forces occupied it while the Nawab was in Pakistan for discussion with Quaid. After occupation by Indian forces, the question of arranging plebiscite there was irrelevant due to presence of occupied forces. Quaid-e-Azam then sent the case to UN.
At the time of partition, Lord Mountbatten initially declared that states should be independent to decide for decision despite of geographical compulsion but afterwards he himself took the U-turn. It was tried to limit Pakistan geographically and economically as small as possible. It was not only territorial dishonesty but regarding all other assets e.g. armed forces, artillery, trains etc, injustice was done with Pakistan and it was given much less than its actual share.
Successive governments have failed to present case of Junagadh to media at international forums. We should build strong narrative for Junagadh and it needs to be discussed and fought proactively. Our commitment to Junagadh state demands that we should take forward the case of Junagadh along with Kashmir and others.
Case is very much alive as Nawab of Junagadh is still in state of exile and carrying it forward. In legal point of view, as long as the instrument of accession is intact Junagadh is also intact. From historical and legal perspectives, it is clear that Junagadh is part of Pakistan but remains under illegal Indian occupation. We should fight the case of Junagadh and highlight this issue.
His Highness Nawab of Junagadh Nawab Jahangir Muhammad Khanji is leading the cause very proactively and we all should support him as he remains the legal Nawab of Junagadh. Speakers added that government should build a monument in the name of Junagadh in Islamabad and make a committee from national assembly who inform international community about the issue and illegal occupation of India on Junagadh State.
It should be revived at all public forums, media, universities, think tanks and international forums. Muslims throughout the world should come forward with unity to solve different issues. We should take care that the issue should not remain lost in history. Diplomats, academicians, politicians, journalists, researchers and people from different walks of life participated in round table discussion.