THE Nuclear Group met for the first time in November 1975 in London, and is thus popularly referred to as the “London Club”. Currently there are 48 Participating Governments (PGs) of the NSG. The 27th annual plenary Meeting of the Nuclear Suppliers Group was held in Bern on June 22-23 under the chairmanship of Benno Laggner of Switzerland. The NSG PGs called upon all States to be vigilant and to ensure Effective implementation of all relevant Security Council resolutions and objectives of the Nuclear Suppliers Group. Nuclear Suppliers Group’s plenary meeting joined together all Nuclear Weapon states to share their responsible approach for nuclear exports by adhering to the Nuclear Suppliers Group guidelines. At the Berne general meeting, member States of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) reaffirmed its full support for the NPT regime. In the plenary meeting following issues were discussed.
The participants governments also discussed the membership of Indian in NSG by viewing the 2008 statement on Civil Nuclear Cooperation, which needs to be more furnished in upcoming informal meeting in November 2017. Discussed the issue of “Technical, Legal and Political Aspects of the Participation of non-NPT States in the NSG.” an informal meeting in November 2017 will further elaborate the issue of Non-NPT members. The issue of Pakistan and Indian was taken up during the meeting and participating governments agreed to continue deliberations on the matter, no formal decision was taken on granting membership to either Islamabad or New Delhi. The NSG is expected to convene for an informal meeting in Vienna in November this year which will further benchmark the implication for Non-NPT states by joining NSG. A key member of the NSG China is against the India to become a member of NSG as India is not qualified its membership. on the basis of NSG principles India is not signatory to the NPT.
Pakistan’s engagement with NSG predates 2003 and since 2011 concerted efforts are aimed at NSG membership, and outreach meetings with NSG were arranged in 2011 (Vienna), 2013 (Ankara), 2015 (Vienna). The United States calls for membership in India on the grounds that it will ensure energy security for India as well as job creation, but is not willing to accept the same logic for Pakistan, although the country is experiencing the worst kind of energy crisis for a long time. The United States has always supported India in the nuclear technology and seeking membership for the New Delhi Group. Granting concessions. Surpassing the strategic stability in the region India expanded its capacity to produce fissile material for military use only. Pakistan is currently facing a power crisis and further development of nuclear energy can help bring the country out of this situation.
Like other developing nation, Pakistan is interested in the use of peaceful nuclear technology for energy purposes and has always supported a non-discriminatory criteria – based approach for the entry of non-NPT states into the NSG for peaceful international nuclear trade .Pakistan wants to see the NSG as a credible and rule- based group rather than a cartel driven by commercial and political interests. This reflects that Pakistan cannot get a simultaneous entry into the NSG with India. Other Pakistani experts believe that Pakistan’s civilian nuclear program already separates from its military, and Pakistan has no intention of mixing it. Furthermore, as the world turns away from fossil fuels as a source of energy, Pakistan also needs to switch to environmentally cleaner sources of energy. We hope that Pakistan will continue its efforts to harmonize its approach with other like-minded countries on the question of the membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group so that there will be no special treatment in India in the future that could endanger the Pakistan’s interests.
Washington’s discriminatory policies towards Islamabad are reflected in the way it continues to oppose Pakistan’s membership in the Nuclear Suppliers Group. It is also exerting pressure on Pakistan to reduce its production of fissile material. On the contrary, it actively supported India’s entry into the Nuclear Suppliers Group and turned a blind eye to its nuclear accumulation in its non-custodial facilities. If it is not for the Chinese opposition, India has been a member of the Nuclear Suppliers Group for a long time. This is recommended that The 48 PGs of The Nuclear Suppliers Group should adopt a non-discriminatory approach to the question of the membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group of States that are not members of the NPT rather than establishing another country-specific exemption.
— The writer is a Library Officer at Institute of Strategic Studies, a think-tank based in Islamabad.