India to build 9 more dams on Indus river on fast pace


Shahrukh Syed

Islamabad—In a shocking development, India, which is unnerved over the Kashmiris’ struggle seeking right of self determination that has touched new highs, has started implementing with fast pace the plan to build nine dams in Laddakh region on Indus River. This will have huge impact on water flows destined to reach Pakistan.
Under its master plan, India will construct nine more large dams in Laddakh region in occupied Kashmir in addition to Nimoo-Bazgo and Chuttak hydropower projects on the Indus River. These 9 dams will generate 1055 MW of electricity.
India has already completed the Nimoo-Bazgo and Chuttak hydropower projects. The two projects can store water up to 120,000,000 cubic meters. This means that in total India is to build 11 hydropower projects with large reservoirs on the Indus River in an attempt to make Pakistan a barren country.
According to the master plan of which copy is also available with Pakistan Observer, India is to build: i) Ulitopp hydro electric project (HEP) with 132 feet dam height and capacity to generate of 85 MW of electricity; ii) 99 MW Khaltsi HEP with 66 feet dam height; iii) 70 MW of Dumkhar HEP with dam of 66 feet height; iv) 220MW Achinathang-Sanjak HEP with reservoir of 132 feet height; v) 295 MW Sunit HEP with dam of 66 feet height.
India will construct four projects on Drass-Suru river including i) 100 MW Parkachik-Panikher HEP with 198 feet high dam; ii) 100 MW Kirkit with 99 feet height; iii) 35 MW Drass-Suru HEP-I with 82 feet high reservoir; and iv) 60 MW Drass- Suru HEP – II with 66 feet high reservoir.
The work on 990 MW Kirthai Dam and 690-MW Ratle projects on the Chenab River in Kishtwar district of IHK started last year.
Besides the parameters defined in the Indus Treaty, India and Pakistan are also bound to exchange such information or data under the obligation of the Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD).
According to the ICOLD, dams having height more than 15 meters are defined as Large Dams therefore all such dams are to be registered with the commission for dam safety. The judgment passed over Baglihar dam was based on the latest ICOLD bulletin of the Commission on large dams while deciding the design of the spillways. India has been planning to start more than 67 dams for hydropower generation since long and all these dams fall under the category of large dams.
Unfortunately, dam failure record of India has been worst, as nine of its dams have so far collapsed. The J& K area is earthquake-prone hence a minor failure can result into a catastrophe for the downstream areas. Therefore it is mandatory and important to set up dam safety measures in consultation with Government of Pakistan (GoP).”