Drinking water

Afifa Zaeem
Islamabad

According to world health organization, 3.4 million people die every year because of water borne diseases. Clean drinking water, a prerequisite basic human right like all other human rights, is not accessible to vast majority of population in Pakistan. 89% percent of Pakistani population is forced to drink contaminated water according to a report of PCRWR and 40% of deaths are reported because of contaminated drinking water, according to UN. Both ground and surface drinking water are polluted by coliforms, toxic metals and pesticides etc causing life threatening diseases e.g. diarrhea, cholera, typhoid fever, dysentery, shigellosis and even hepatitis. Four fifth of total diseases are water borne with diarrhea being the prominent cause in Pakistan. The WHO has put forward various quality check parameters for drinking water. These involve various physical (colour, turbidity, odour and taste), chemical (pH, B.O.D.) and biological tests to meet the desired standards of water quality. They abound in all places like public parks, gardens, market, streets, universities, bus stands, everywhere as one can imagine. They not only present a sorry sight for everyone, including foreigners, but they are totally a nuisance especially in buses and trains. They are a great menace and must be prohibited by law.