“ Justice is the fundamental right of human being, underscored in Holy Quran as “ We sent our messengers with clear signs and sent down with them the book and the balance that men may stand forth in justice” (Al Hadeed 57:25). Undoubtedly justice ensures peace and development. Thirds world countries are bereft of fruits of justice.
Take for instance the case study of Pakistan criminal justice system, which is the embodiment of flawed justice delivery mechanism. Initiating from structural flaws, under-representation of woman in judiciary and police is the manifestation of gender biased legal apparatus.
Millions of cases are pending in courts due to scarcity of judges this has caused delayed justice which ultimately mean to be justice denied. Rising spiral of crime in Pakistan is beyond the control of law enforcement agencies this is because of lack of proficiency. Continuance of colonial legacy by maintaining decades old pieces of legislation like- the police act 1861, the evidence act 1872, Pakistan penal code 1860. These Acts lack requirements and remedies of the present time threats to peace. More worryingly, it is high time to plug the loopholes and revamp the criminal justice system of Pakistan.
Enhancing seats for woman in judiciary and police will be expedient step in this direction. Separate courts and police station for not only women so that it can become feasible for the most oppressed section of society to lodge complaints again culprits but will also be beneficial in reducing burden from the existing courts.
Steps should be taken to enhance efficiency of law enforcement agencies through capacity building trainings of police, improving coordination between police and public prosecutors so that cases may adjudicate within a short span of time. Forensic investigation will be courageous step in tackling with changing trends of criminal activities. Forensic science should be used in every kind of investigation (murder, theft, drug, cybercrime, rape etc)
Community policing and alternate dispute resolution is supplementary but essential ingredients of making the justice system vibrant. Legislative pieces that reflect colonial times should be revised so that our criminal justice system can effectively deal with modern day challenges. Rehabilitation and psychological counselling of criminals should be prioritised in order to reduce the growing crime rates in our society. To say the least, justice is inalienable right of human being and should be accessible to all.